Sunday, May 24, 2020

Essay on Free Will - 776 Words

Free Will â€Å"Free Will and its effect on the Greeks, Christians, and Romans† Free will is defined as: Voluntary choice or decision; freedom of humans to make choices that are not determined by prior causes or by divine intervention (Webster’s Online Collegiate Dictionary). Free will had an effect on the Greeks, Christians, and the Romans. Three stories, Oedipus the King, the Bible, and the Aenied, respectively, that we have studied and that fall in each society are examples of how free will is altered by different societies and how it effects their lives. Oedipus the King was written by a Greek, Sophocles. During this time, the Greeks believed that everything was done for the gods, they did not have free will over their lives.†¦show more content†¦Adam and Eve have been told by God to not eat the fruit off of the tree in the garden: We may eat of the fruit of the trees of the garden: but of the tree which is in the midst of the garden, God hath said, Ye shall not eat of it, nethier shall ye touch it, lest ye die†¦when the woman saw that the tree was good for food†¦she took of the fruit thereof, and did eat, and gave also unto her husband with her; and he did eat†¦God asked, Hast though eaten of the tree, whereof I commanded thee that thou shouldest not eat (Genesis 53 book 3)? God told Adam and Eve what to do, but he allowed them to make their own decisions and suffer the consequences of the choice that they made. They had free will to do as the wished and had an understanding God to watch over them and let them learn from their mistakes. The Aeneid was written by the Roman, Virgil. During this time, the Roman’s believed that they did not have free will, the gods told them what to do with their lives. Aeneas believed that his mission, to found a city that would be the Roman state, was imposed upon him by the gods. The god’s interpreter†¦has brought Commands down through the racing winds!†¦ With my very ears I drank his message in!†¦ I sail for Italy not of my own free will (The Aeneid 857 lines 468-75). The gods told Aeneas that he should found a city. He did not necessarily feel that he was forced, he just knew that what the gods told him to do was right.Show MoreRelatedFree Will And Free Choice1122 Words   |  5 Pagesknown permitted the choice, your free will grants you this privilege. Or does it? Free will is a false concept often confused with free choice. Free will does not truly exist, the limitations set by nature and the influence of other people hinder the ability to choose without the impact of past experiences. As Barbara Smoker, a British Humanist activist and freethought advocate stated, â€Å"Free choice means you are not forced by other people or what is outside of you. Free will is the idea that you areRead MoreShould Free Will Be Free?904 Words   |  4 Pagestalking about the idea of â€Å"free will† there are a lot of factors involved. I think it’s difficult to just openly say yes or no to the question of â€Å"Do all humans have free will?†, because there are certain cases on each side where things aren t so black and white. When first thinking about this question, I went back and forth on my answer. It was hard to pick a side. In the end though I came up with this idea. All humans are created as free beings, and they have the free will to do as they chooseRead MoreFree Will And The Door For Free Action1426 Words   |  6 PagesWith a revised interpretation of free will and internalization of weight bestowal, indeterminacy might open the door for free actio n. We will discuss what this paper means by free action and indeterminacy, explore why Sider thinks indeterminacy is incompatible with free action, object Sider’s arguments using Nozick’s proposal of self-subsuming weight bestowal, and investigate possible counter arguments to Nozick’s proposition. The libertarian view requires a free action to be non-random, uncausedRead MoreThe Theory Of Free Will1616 Words   |  7 PagesEssay 3 – Free Will Free will is the ability to choose freely and control our actions. Basically, free will shows the level of responsibility we claim for our actions and decisions. Obviously, if outside forces determine our choices, we cannot be held responsible for our actions. However, if our choices are made with total freedom than certainly we must claim responsibility for our choices and actions. God is justified in creating a world with the existence of free will which philosophers suchRead MoreFree Will and Determinism 1619 Words   |  7 PagesThe problem of free will and determinism is a mystery about what human beings are able to do. The best way to describe it is to think of the alternatives taken into consideration when someone is deciding what to do, as being parts of various â€Å"alternative features† (Van-Inwagen). Robert Kane argues for a new version of libertarianism with an indeterminist element. He believes that deeper freedom is not an illusion. Derk Pereboom takes an agnostic approach about causal determinism and sees himselfRead MoreIn Defense of Free Will1055 Words   |  4 Pages In this paper I will present an argument against free will and then I will defend a response to that argument. Free will is defined as having the ability to make our own choices. Some will argue that all of our decisions have already been dictated by our desires therefore we never actually truly make our own choices. The purpose of this paper is to defend the argument that we have free will by attacking the premise that states we have no control over what we desire. I will defeat this premiseRead More Destiny, Fate, Free Will and Free Choice in Oedipus the King - The Paradox of Free Will1318 Words   |  6 PagesA Paradox: Oedipuss Free will in the Play Oedipus Rex William Shakespeare once wrote, Who can control his fate? (Othello, Act v, Sc.2).  A hero and leader must acknowledge above all else his honor, and the pride of his image.   In ancient Greek beliefs, a hero was a man who stood taller than the rest; he was able to better any conflict.   He did this not for himself or for any token award that may be given to him, but for the security of his fellow man.   Physical strength and superior wit areRead MoreThe Relevence of Free Will615 Words   |  3 Pageshuge part in who we are. But we also have free will. -Aidan Quinn Basically this quote is saying how we are raised in the home determines a big factory of how discipline we are however we still must take into consideration that we are still held accountable for our action regardless. Although how we were raised in the home play a major role with the choices we make in our entire lives as an individual. I do believe that morals have a strong factor in free will and determinism. Hom es that teach moralsRead MoreThe View On Free Will1264 Words   |  6 PagesAvalon Singer 29 September 2014 Topic 1: What I Believe is the Correct View on Free Will We are raised to believe that we are the makers of our own destiny. Every decision we make is our own, and we are free citizens in every sense of the word. Although this thought is comforting, I do not consider it to be true. I think that free will is an illusion. The idea of free will is what keeps us sane and motivates us in our lives, but is not what controls our lives. I presume that our world isRead MoreThe Theory Of Free Will950 Words   |  4 PagesAs a concept, free will offers a tremendous opportunity to pursue rationality of purpose. Within this rationality, individuals find wisdom whenever they exercise it appropriately. Both Skinner and Bandura state that free will explore the determinant to the ability of humanity to discover the space around them (Koons, 2002). Over time, philosophers have maintained that free will offers itself as a gift to humanity. It is presumed, therefore, that free will is God’s ordination, and as such, man should

Wednesday, May 13, 2020

Effective Hr Strategies Of Bill Gates - 1937 Words

The Effective HR Strategies of Bill Gates Yelena Vassilenko Berkeley College Background Bill Gates - the richest man in the world, a computer magnate, founder and owner of Microsoft. He created his first computer program at the age of 13. He loves cars, motor boats and playing poker. He never ate at home because he did not want to waste time on cooking. Bill Gates was born on October 28, 1955 in Seattle, Washington, USA. He was the first child and only son of a famous lawyer. This modest, even shy and slightly awkward child dreamed of becoming a professor of mathematics and was not at all like his father - a high, handsome, successful lawyer. Despite the unique abilities in mathematics and logic, Bill Gates did not show leadership†¦show more content†¦At 17, he received an offer to writing software package in the distribution of the energy Bonneville Dam. Following the family tradition, Bill Gates went to Harvard, intending to become a lawyer like his father. But he was still the same closed and uncommunicative, which is absolutely not appropriate for the profession. He rarely attended student parties, only his close friend Steve Ballmer, who will become president of Microsoft. Personal Motivation In December 1974, Bill Gates saw a computer for $ 397. The only thing was missing was the machine software. Paul Allen tried to persuade Bill to open his own company to develop software, but Bill was in no hurry to leave school. And the only way out of the market the first home computer available to consumers under the name Altair 8800, prompting him to listen to a friend s advice. Bill Gates and Allen contacted representatives of the company MITS, offering them software (version BASIC) for their computer Altair 8800. This variant arranged managers who offer young people to work on writing a programming language. The couple moved to New Mexico, where he began the history of Microsoft. The first five Microsoft customers have gone bankrupt, but the guys did not give up and in 1979 returned to Seattle. In fact, Bill Gates, was expelled from the university for truancy and academic failure, but this fact is not very upset woe-student because he received an offer from IBM to create an operating

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Justin Sport Free Essays

Paragraph: Where you are from? What is your family like? Who are your friends? What are they like? Why are you friends? I’m Justine sport I am from Kansas City Kansas born and raised. My family is very friendly e love to cook out watch football and baseball together, we love to play baseball, it’s are number one sport. My friends are the people that will have your back no matter what even if you’re wrong they talk to you about personal things. We will write a custom essay sample on Justin Sport or any similar topic only for you Order Now My friends are like fun, outgoing, athlete, etc. We are friends because they are there for me when I need them and everything. 2nd Paragraph: What are you like? What are your interests, goals, and dreams? What is one thing that you are truly passionate about? I am very outgoing person, funny, athletic. My goals in life is to graduate, and to go to the Marines 3rd Paragraph: What has your school experience been like? Who was your favorite teacher and why? What do you like about school? What do you dislike about school? 4th Paragraph: What do you hope to accomplish here at Endeavor? What are your goals? How will you accomplish those goals? 5th Paragraph: What should I know about you as your teacher? How can I help you succeed? How can we work well together? How to cite Justin Sport, Papers

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Hais Psychiatric Treatment Procedure

Question: Write about theHais Psychiatric Treatment Procedure. Answer: Hai a 20-year-old male patient who was brought to the emergency Department of Brisbane hospital. Hai was brought to the hospital by the paramedics after a bystander saw Hai jumping out from a first-floor buildings balcony. He sustained some injuries in his arm where the doctors ruled out that his arm was broken. Hai remained quiet after his admission and the doctors were not sure where triggered the incident. A nurse who works in the emergency department Mark Traves was able to make Hai talk about himself. Hai lived alone as he was a student in Brisbane university. Hai has a big brother who also studies in Brisbane but his parent lived up north in Queensland. Mark had a connection with the patient and he was able to make him open up. Hai told the nurse that there were intruders in the house so he needed to jump to escape. After this Hai did not say more which left Mark with so many unanswered questions. This made the nurse curious as he went to check for Hais records relating to his admission (Husted, 2008). The paramedic indicated that they did not find any intruder in the house and this left so many questions unanswered. Mark went on and checked Hai background and history in the hospital's records. Mark found out that he was a psychiatric patient at the same hospital. Mark spoke to his psychiatrist who told him that mark experience psychiatric episodes which make him delusional at times (Swain, 2009). The doctor told Mark that Hai had gone through a diagnosis in the hospital and the doctors ruled out that Hai was not a threat to himself or others.Dr chin, Marks colleague run some test which indicated that Hai experienced a psychotic episode which made him delusional. As the doctor run up the test Hai told Dr Chin to hurry up as the intruders were on their way. Dr Chin advised Mark the nurse to first treat the mental illness so that he can the physical injuries can be treated. Mark consulted the patients as required by the mental health Act 200 that the patients should be informed of an y procedure before it is executed (Cavusgil, 2014). Mark told Hai that he was experiencing some hallucinations and the intruder did not exist. Hai denied the claim saying he has never experienced any hallucinations in his life. He further told Mark that he did not want any psychotic medication and he insisted on being discharged from the hospital. He told the nurse that he would take care of himself since he had the medical training of which he never did. According to the mental health act, if the patient is involuntary about the treatment and he is admitted to the authored mental health the patients automatically becomes a voluntary patient who can be detained at the authorised hospital for up to 24 hours. The hours could be extended up to 72 hours if the doctor finds out that the patient is not fit to be discharged. The time is calculated from the time the patient was admitted to the hospital. Hai older brother also came to the hospital and he gave the doctor the go ahead to treat his brother. A family member also gave the doctor th e go ahead to treat Hai (Galliers, 2012). Mark before initializing the psychiatric treatment of Hai he should consider the ethics issues as a nurse treating a mental patient without his consent. The ethical issue is there to guide and direct the medical practitioner in the hospital. Some of the ethical issue that registered nurses should follow include maintaining the commitment to the client choices, consulting other medical practitioner in medical cases, advocating for safe and competent nursing care in the hospital, engaging in the development of practice standards ,issue statement and position papers on professional issue, working with colleagues to identify crucial ethical issue for professions, encouraging and facilitating cooperation and collaborations between professional and between agencies to effect improvement within the health care. Mark should consider the choices of the patients before proceeding with any medical procedure. Hai had denied any medical care and he even insisted on leaving the hospital. Brisbane is Hai hospital where Hai was a psychiatric patient undergoing the medical care in the hospital before the doctors ruled him out that he was not a threat to his life or other people. Since he was undergoing the treatment in the hospital, the hospital becomes his authorised hospital. In this case, the hospital has the right to admit the patients for 24 hours to treat him and if he is not stable by 24 hours the hospital has the right to extend up to 72 hours. The doctor had the consent of Hais older brother who wanted Hail to recover. Following the law on mental health act, 2000 (Gastaldon, 2007), Hai decision was overruled in this case. Mark has to consult with other medical practitioners to ensure he is following the ethical rules of the hospital. Mark has to follow the practice standards, position papers and the issue statement on professional issues like in this case. Mark has to involve doctor who treated him in the psychiatric session since he understands the case better. The ou tcomes of the patient had to be shared with his brother and other close family members (Stanhope, 2016). In the hospital, the nurse and doctors have to follow and obey the ethical and legal decision-making process before treating any patients especially the patients with the special needs. The ethics help the medical practitioner in difficult cases and situation. The ethics and the legal system also help in resolving the health care conflicts which arise from the patients neglecting medication and medical care, the hospital settings, long-term care of the patient and the environment of the hospital. The main aim of the ethics system is to help in decision making when there is a disagreement between the values of the patients, medical practitioners and the family of the patients. The ethics help the nurses to choose the best values and decision in that environment. In this case, Hais health was at risk due to the injuries incurred from jumping from the balcony and the mental health problem of hallucinations.Mark was in a difficult place since the patient Hai declined to talk and refused any treatment. He also demanded to go home immediately. Mark as a nurse is trained to calm such patients who decline medical care when they are sick. In this case, it was more severe since the patients had a mental health issue. Mark had to make a decision on what to do to the patients who refuse medical care (Staunton Chiarella, 2016). According to the ethical and legal rules of any hospital is to value the important things first which in this case was to treat Hais mental illness so that he could calm down and let the doctors treat the broken ribs. The importance of the ethical decision-making framework is to identify the value and situation that would be best considering the ethical implication. Hai had to be treated immediately since it is the best decision here that would benefit everyone in involved. Mark has to come up with an efficient method for making a difficult decision (Silva, 2008). The method involves consulting with other doctor and especially the psychiatric that treated Hai. The information gathered from consulting would enable the doctor to make a clear decision on what to do. Mark should discuss the consideration with the patient, family and other medical practitioners involved (Freckelton Petersen, 2006). Mark had to work with the best acceptable solution and decision agreed upon by the family and other staff members involved.Mark had also to work with a decision that represents the patients wishes balanced against ethical considerations such as professional standards, policies and best interest. The policies he had to consider was the Mental Health Act 2000 which allowed the patients to make his decision if he was not previously admitted to the hospital In (Robichaux, 2017). In this case, he would consider letting Hai walk out of the hospital without proper medication. This would be against his professional standards. Mark had the support of the patients family member hence he had the obligation of following his professional standard and advice given by other members involved in the case. Mark had to treat Hais condition since his judgment could have been affected by the mental health.Mark had to consider what would happen if he let Hai walk out of the hospital sick. He would end up getting more injuries or probably harming other people out there. Brisbane was Hais referral hospital since he was receiving psychiatric treatment in the hospital. This was another reason why Mark had to keep Hai in the hospital for treatment since according to the mental health Act 2000 indicates that if the patient was previously admitted or receiving treatment in the hospital the hospital had the right to hold him for a 24 hours or more according to his condition. Mark end ed up admitting Hai to the hospital for treatment (Husted, 2008). References Husted, J. H., Husted, G. L. (2008). Ethical decision making in nursing and health care: The Sym phonological approach. New York: Springer Pub. Co. In Robichaux, C. (2017). Ethical competence in nursing practice: Competencies, skills, decision-making. Ivanov, L. L., Blue, C. L. (2008). Public health nursing: Leadership, policy, practice. Australia: Delmar Cengage Delmar. Silva, M. C. (2008). Ethical decision making in nursing administration. Norwalk, Conn: Appleton Lange. In Stanhope, M., In Lancaster, J. (2016). Public health nursing: Population-centered health care in the community. Stanhope, M., Lancaster, J. (2014). Foundations of nursing in the community: Community-oriented practice. Galliers, R.D. and Leidner, D.E., 2013.Health Information: challenges in managing information systems. Routledge. Cavusgil, S.T., Knight, G., Riesenberger, J.R., Rammal, H.G. and Rose, E.L., 2014.International Health. Pearson Australia. Swain, P. A., Rice, S. (2009). In the shadow of the law: The legal context of social work practice. Annandale, N.S.W: The Federation Press. Gastaldon, R., Queensland Parliamentary Library. Research Publications and Resources Section. (2007). implementing further recommendations of the review of the Mental Health Act 2000 (Qld): The Mental Health and other Legislation Amendment Bill 2007 (Qld). Brisbane: Queensland Parliamentary Library. Staunton, P. J., Chiarella, M. (2016). Law for nurses and midwives. Freckelton, I. R., Petersen, K. A. (2006). Disputes and dilemmas in health law. Annandale, N.S.W: Federation Press.

Tuesday, March 31, 2020

The First Thanksgiving Essays - Plymouth, Massachusetts,

The First Thanksgiving THE FIRST THANKSGIVING On September 6, 1620, 102 men, women and children from England boarded a small cargo boat called the Mayflower and set sail for the New World. The passengers left their homes in England in search of religious freedom from the King of England. Today they are known as pilgrims. After braving two months at sea, crossing the stormy Atlantic Ocean, the Pilgrims finally landed off the coast of the New World. In the freezing December waters, they anchored the Mayflower and sent a landing party to what is now Plymouth Harbor beach. To secure the small landing boat against the rain and winds, they tied it to a large rock - Plymouth Rock - and so begins the legend of the original Thanksgiving tale. The Pilgrims found themselves in a harsh new environment. In the middle of winter, they slowly built a settlement at the site of an abandoned Pawtuxet Indian village. Not used to hunting or fishing, they struggled to find food. Many were starving. The future looked bleak. Many of the pilgrims did not survive the first winter. By the time spring arrived, they still had not met the Indians. Instead, they lived in fear of their unseen neighbors based on savage tales they heard from scouts. When April arrived, the crew of the Mayflower raised its sails and set off for England, offering to take any Pilgrim who wished to return to England. Faced with the choice of the harsh New World, or the religious intolerance of the King, they all stayed. One day, a lone Indian man walked into the settlement. He raised his hand in friendship to the settlers. The Pilgrims welcomed this stranger named Samoset. Samoset introduced the Pilgrims to his chief, Massasoit, and his interpreter, Squanto. Squanto spoke English because he had been captured as a boy by traders who had come to the New World in search of slaves. Squanto was taken to England and lived there many years before returning to the New World. He alone understood that the Pilgrims did not know how to hunt or fish - that they would die without help in the New World. Squanto and Chief Massasoit extended their friendship to the Pilgrims. They showed them how to catch fish with nets and how to grow corn, pumpkins, potatoes and squash - foods from the New World. The Indians showed the Pilgrims where to hunt turkey and deer, and where to gather nuts and berries. They explained to the Pilgrims that the land was master of those who walked and lived there. The harvest of 1621 saw the fulfillment of their labors. The Pilgrims had grown barley, corn, pumpkins, and beans. The settlers labored to gather their bounty; and in thanks for their fortune, decided to honor the land with a special day of thanks and celebration. In friendship and gratitude to Squanto, Chief Massasoit and the Indian people, they invited their new friends to join in the feast. The Pilgrims spent days preparing for the feast. The men hunted ducks and turkeys, while the women baked food and decorated the table. When the day finally arrived, the Pilgrims were surprised to see not 10, not 20, but 90 Indians approaching the village! They brought with them a bounty all their own. For three days, the Indians and Pilgrims feasted and gave thanks to the land for the harvest. It was a celebration of friendship and thanks; but most of all, it was a celebration of freedom. Neither the Indians nor the Pilgrims knew what they had begun, but from this celebration emerged Thanksgiving as we know it today. We have been celebrating it as a uniquely American holiday ever since. In 1863, President Lincoln officially declared the last Thursday in November a holiday of thanksgiving and praise, and so it remains today. Happy Thanksgiving! History Essays

Saturday, March 7, 2020

Hydrogen Bond Definition and Examples

Hydrogen Bond Definition and Examples Most people are comfortable with the idea of ionic and covalent bonds, yet unsure about what hydrogen bonds are, how they form, and why they are important. Key Takeaways: Hydrogen Bonds A hydrogen bond is an attraction between two atoms that already participate in other chemical bonds. One of the atoms is hydrogen, while the other may be any electronegative atom, such as oxygen, chlorine, or fluorine.Hydrogen bonds may form between atoms within a molecule or between two separate molecules.A hydrogen bond is weaker than an ionic bond or a covalent bond, but stronger than van der Waals forces.Hydrogen bonds play an important role in biochemistry and produce many of the unique properties of water. Hydrogen Bond  Definition A hydrogen bond is a type of attractive (dipole-dipole) interaction between an electronegative atom and a hydrogen atom bonded to another electronegative atom. This bond always involves a hydrogen atom. Hydrogen bonds can occur between molecules or within parts of a single molecule. A hydrogen bond tends to be stronger than van der Waals forces, but weaker than covalent bonds or ionic bonds. It is about 1/20th (5%) the strength of the covalent bond formed between O-H. However, even this weak bond is strong enough to withstand slight temperature fluctuation. But the Atoms Are Already Bonded How can hydrogen be attracted to another atom when it is already bonded? In a polar bond, one side of the bond still exerts a slight positive charge, while the other side has a slight negative electrical charge. Forming a bond doesnt neutralize the electrical nature of the participant atoms. Examples of Hydrogen Bonds Hydrogen bonds are found in nucleic acids between base pairs and between water molecules. This type of bond also forms between hydrogen and carbon atoms of different chloroform molecules, between hydrogen and nitrogen atoms of neighboring ammonia molecules, between repeating subunits in the polymer nylon, and between hydrogen and oxygen in acetylacetone. Many organic molecules are subject to hydrogen bonds. Hydrogen bond: Help bind transcription factors to DNAAid antigen-antibody bindingOrganize polypeptides into secondary structures, such as alpha helix and beta sheetHold together the two strands of DNABind transcription factors to each other Hydrogen Bonding in Water Although hydrogen bonds form between hydrogen and any other electronegative atom, the bonds within water are the most ubiquitous (and some would argue, the most important). Hydrogen bonds form between neighboring water molecules when the hydrogen of one atom comes between the oxygen atoms of its own molecule and that of its neighbor. This happens because the hydrogen atom is attracted to both its own oxygen and other oxygen atoms that come close enough. The oxygen nucleus has 8 plus charges, so it attracts electrons better than the hydrogen nucleus, with its single positive charge. So, neighbor oxygen molecules are capable of attracting hydrogen atoms from other molecules, forming the basis of hydrogen bond formation. The total number of hydrogen bonds formed between water molecules is 4. Each water molecule can form 2 hydrogen bonds between oxygen and the two hydrogen atoms in the molecule. An additional two bonds can be formed between each hydrogen atom and nearby oxygen atoms. A consequence of hydrogen bonding is that hydrogen bonds tend to arrange in a tetrahedron around each water molecule, leading to the well-known crystal structure of snowflakes. In liquid water, the distance between adjacent molecules is larger and the energy of the molecules is high enough that hydrogen bonds are often stretched and broken. However, even liquid water molecules average out to a tetrahedral arrangement. Because of hydrogen bonding, the structure of liquid water becomes ordered at lower temperature, far beyond that of other liquids. Hydrogen bonding holds water molecules about 15% closer than if the bonds werent present.  The bonds are the primary reason water displays interesting and unusual chemical properties. Hydrogen bonding reduces extreme temperature shifts near large bodies of water.Hydrogen bonding allows animals to cool themselves using perspiration because such a large amount of heat is needed to break hydrogen bonds between water molecules.Hydrogen bonding keeps water in its liquid state over a wider temperature range than for any other comparable-sized molecule.The bonding gives water an exceptionally high heat of vaporization, which means considerable thermal energy is needed to change liquid water into water vapor. Hydrogen bonds within heavy water are even stronger than those within ordinary water made using normal hydrogen (protium). Hydrogen bonding in tritiated water is stronger still.

Thursday, February 20, 2020

Critical Analysis Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words - 1

Critical Analysis - Essay Example The purpose of the article is to inform Americans about the failure of the health care industry and demonstrate the need for a universal health insurance. Through a simple format and style, the authors reveal the lack of insurance of many Americans and how the high cost of benefits causes many problems. However, despite some weaknesses, the article uses successfully evidence to establish credibility and present universal health care as the solution. II Summary Millions of Americans do not have insurance or are underinsured, which exposes them to illness and premature death. The rising cost of insurance premiums leads many businesses to file bankruptcy. Moreover, most Americans agree that the health care system is broken, and they also understand that the United States is the only industrialized nation without a national health care, which political leaders do not seem to perceive. Some studies indicate that the overwhelming majority of Americans want a universal health insurance, a s ystem that makes the government the single bill payer, reduces paperwork cost, gets rid of expensive insurance organizations and saves millions of dollars in CEO compensation. In the current system, doctors spend more time filling insurance paperwork than with patients. The choice of a universal health insurance stems from the recognition of the failure of the industry and its disastrous effects but also a deep understanding of the necessity for people to get help when they need it. The health care issue gets highly politicized during electoral times, and many groups advocate different options all of which are better than the existing system; however, universal health insurance is still the best. Besides, the lobbies of politicians who depend on the financial support from the health care industry prevent the project from becoming a reality. III Interpretation and Evaluation The article has an unusual organization that does not follow the traditional paragraph format. Instead, it is made of short segments of different length throughout the whole essay. However, it does contain some specific parts that present different aspects of health care. The article adopts the form of a dialogue with questions and answers; the authors address readers as â€Å"you† and themselves as â€Å"we† as if they engage in an open discussion with them. The format and style of the article are very effective because they allow readers to clearly understand the message through the short segments and feel comfortable as if the authors were present through this conversational approach. Even though the article is relatively short, the authors have thoroughly treated the topic and addressed its most important points. They have clearly shown the failure of the current health care system that has left millions of Americans uninsured, which exposes them to disease and premature death: â€Å"An estimated 50 million Americans lack medical insurance, and a similar and rapidly growi ng number are underinsured. The uninsured are excluded from services, charged more for services, and die when medical care could save them† (Pibel & Gelder). They also demonstrate the negative impact of the broken health care industry on businesses and how it leads them to bankruptcy: â€Å"Businesses are suffering too. Insurance premiums increased 73 percent between 2000 and 2005, and per capita costs are expected to keep rising†